Uncovered Call

A short call option position where the writer does not own the specified number of shares specified by the option nor has deposited cash equal to the exercise value of the call.


“Unemployment” is a major economic indicator measuring how much of the working population is currently looking for a job. The unemployment rate is the most “tangible” economic indicator – if GDP is going up or down, it is harder for people to notice in their day-to-day lives. When the unemployment rate goes up, it usually means you or someone you know lost their job recently, … Continue reading Unemployment »

Unsystematic Risk

Unsystematic Risk is also called diversifiable risk, residual risk, or company-specific risk. It is the risk that is unique to a company such as a strike, the outcome of unfavorable litigation, or a catastrophe that affects its production. This risk can be mitigated away by diversification.


Definition When you are looking at a sequence of related numbers (for example, the price of a single stock over time, the height of all students in a classroom, or how many breakfasts you will get out of a box of a particular cereal), the “variance” is how far away the numbers get from the average. The higher the variance, the farther away most numbers … Continue reading Variance »


Volume is the quantity of shares/contracts of a security that is traded within a specific time period.

Volume Weighted Average

In finance, Volume-Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is a ratio of the profit traded to complete volume traded over a distinct time horizon – normally one day. It’s a portion of the average price a stock traded at over the trading horizon.

Wall Street

Definition: “Wall Street” is a street in New York City, near the southern end of Manhattan Island. It is the home of the New York Stock Exchange, and the biggest center of stock trading and finance in the world. History Before New York was New York, it was a Dutch colony called New Amsterdam, which only took up a small area in the south of … Continue reading Wall Street »


Definition of Wealth “Wealth” means having an abundance of something desirable. This can be tangible, like money and property, or intangible, like good health or freedom. Intangible Wealth Just because something does not have a monetary value does not mean it is worthless. Having strong connections with friends and family is often considered a major component of wealth – since these things cannot be bought … Continue reading Wealth »


Yield is the return investors can expect on a security based on all the outflows and inflows they incur related to that security.

Yield To Maturity (YTM)

Yield To Maturity is the interest rate that will make the present value of a bond’s remaining cash flows (if held to maturity) equal to the price (plus accrued interest, if any). It is basically what you will earn if you buy and hold the bond till maturity. On of the major assumptions is that all the coupons are re-invested at the YTM.

Zero Coupon Bond

A zero coupon bond is a bond sold without interest-paying coupons. Instead of paying periodic interest, the bond is sold at a discount and pays its entire face amount upon maturity, which is usually a one year period or longer. A Treasury Bond is a good example.